astroparticle physics and cosmology
Astroparticle Physics is a research topic in the intersection of particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. It addresses the fundamental questions concerning the nature of the basic constituents of the universe, as well as their relation with the origin and evolution of the universe. I am interested in all aspects of astroparticle physics, such as cosmic rays, gamma rays, neutrinos, and dark matter.
The first aspect of my research activities address mostly the nature, origin, and propagation of the ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). I am also interested in cosmic magnetic fields and their role in the early universe, as well as their effect upon the propagation of UHECRs. As part of my PhD I have worked on several aspects of UHECR propagation in magnetic fields. I have extensively used and worked on the development of CRPropa, a code for propagating UHECRs through the universe.
Recently much of my work has been on high-energy gamma rays,
For my master thesis I have study the deflection of UHECRs in different models of galactic magnetic field. Particularly, I have analysed the orientation (angle with respect to a given reference frame) of energy-ordered filaments of UHECRs (multiplets) due to the action of the galactic magnetic field. The goal was to constrain models of the galactic magnetic field using this information. Our group in Brazil developed a new method to identify these multiplets of UHECRs by using spherical wavelets, which led to a public code to perform wavelet transforms on the sphere, the SWAT (Spherical Wavelet Analysis Tool) code.
Since my undergraduate research projects until mid-2015 I have worked with topics related to the Pierre Auger Observatory, mainly methods to identify anisotropies (both small and large scale), astrophysical sources capable of accelerating particles to ultra-high energies, and signatures of cosmic magnetic fields in the arrival directions of UHECRs.
Recently I have worked on the propagation of high-energy gamma rays in the universe, which can provide unique astrophysical information and probe the universe up to large distances, offering hints about properties of intervening magnetic fields. In this context, another topic of interest is the development of magnetohydrodynamical simulations of the cosmic web to constrain cosmic-ray source models, and also address other problems related to the distribution of matter in the universe as well as the cosmic magnetogenesis.
fine-tuning in physics
I’m currently working on a project titled “The Physics of Fine-Tuning”, whose goal is to consolidate the idea of fine-tuning across several fields of physics, ranging from particle physics to cosmology. The fine-tuning argument arises from the fact that the universe seems to be tuned for life (as we know it) to exist, in such a way that small changes in fundamental constants and parameters could render a universe incapable of hosting life (as we know it). Obvious “explanations” for this include the so-called anthropic principle, which states that the universe has to be such that the emergence of life is possible, otherwise we wouldn’t exist. Stronger and weaker versions of the anthropic principle exist, but also seem tautological. One of the main goals of the project is to produce a book (“A field manual for fine-tuning”), to be used as a reference for future studies and compile the scattered ideas found in the literature in a single book. Another important aspect of the project is the development of an interactive website targeted at the broader audience, with derivations and applications of fine-tuning. In this direction, I have been studying the apparent fine-tuning of some fundamental(?) constants such as the cosmological constant and the impact of this small fluctuations of its values in the evolution of the universe. I have also been addressing the issue of habitability zones in the galaxy and the universe, and how its relation to the apparent fine-tuning of the universe. More details about this and other projects related to fine-tuning are available in the project’s website.
science education and scientific outreach
My other main research interest is science education, specially physics and astronomy. I am particularly interested in the teaching of science in non-formal spaces, such as science museums, planetariums, astronomical observatories, among others.
Other topic of interest is the formation of teachers. My interest on this topic is not restricted to the academic point of view (research), but is also practical (taking part into / promoting initiatives). For instance, I was part of a project promoted by the INCT-A (Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia – Astronomia) to teach astronomy for teachers.